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WINE TERM GLOSSARY
With English-French Translation
Notes:
The French wine terms listing are not necessarily the direct translation to the listing of English terms. They are rather equivalent terms to convey the same meaning as close as possible.
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English-French Wine Terms

A B C D E F G H L M N O P R S T V W

 
Aeration English pronunciation of wine term

The act of allowing a wine to breathe. Mainly with red wines, it allows the wine to "open" and its true flavor to emerge.

Aération French pronunciation of wine term

Action d'exposer le vin à l'oxygène afin de favoriser ses expressions aromatiques.

Aftertaste English pronunciation of wine term

Also called the finish. The aroma and taste that linger at the back of the throat and nose after the wine has been swallowed.

Finale French pronunciation of wine term

La finale est un terme de dégustation utilisé lorsque le vin avalé ou recraché offre encore de nombreuses sensations buccales.

Aggressive English pronunciation of wine term

An unpleasant wine that tends to be highly acidic and heavily tannic. Often a wine before its time.

Agressif French pronunciation of wine term

Se dit d'un vin montrant trop de force et attaquant désagréablement les muqueuses.

Aging English pronunciation of wine term

Maturation of the wine, either in oak casks or in the bottle.

Vieillissement French pronunciation of wine term

Elevage du vin en fût de chêne, ou bien gardé en bouteille afin d'atteindre une certaine maturité.

Alcohol English pronunciation of wine term

Derived from the fermentation process during which yeast cells convert sugar from the grape juice into alcohol (and CO2). When a fermentation fails to complete, such as in dessert wines, some sugar remains which we call residual sugar.

Alcool French pronunciation of wine term

Provient de la fermentation, au cours de laquelle des levures convertissent le sucre en alcool (et CO2). Lorsque la fermentation ne se termine pas complètement, comme dans le cas des vins de dessert, il reste un surplus de sucre que l'on dit résiduel.

Aperitif English pronunciation of wine term

Wine that is drunk before eating to open the apetite.

Apéritif French pronunciation of wine term

Boisson à base de vin ou d'alcool que l'on prend avant le repas, pour ouvrir l'appétit.

AOC English pronunciation of wine term

Abbreviation for "Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée" (Appellation of controlled origin), as specified under French law. Administraded by the INAO (Institut National des Appellations d'Origine). The AOC laws specify and delimit the geography from which particular wine may originate and methods by which it may be made.

AOC French pronunciation of wine term

Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée. Les AOC s'appliquent sur un territoire défini par l'INAO et doivent garantir une aire délimitée de production, un encépagement précis, une teneur minimale en sucre de moût à obtenir, un degré d'alcool, un rendement à l'hectare, une taille de la vigne ainsi qu'une méthode de vinification. Cette réglementation vise à préserver les traditions et les qualités de chaque région vinicole dans le but de valoriser chaque village et chaque terroir.

Appellation English pronunciation of wine term

A geographically designated region from which a wine's grapes originate.

Appellation French pronunciation of wine term

Région géographique délimitée d'où proviennent les raisins du vin.

Aroma English pronunciation of wine term

A broad term to describe a wine's smell. Younger wines have aroma, which evolve into a bouquet with bottle age.

Aromes French pronunciation of wine term

Parfums dégagés par le vin que l'on perçoit à la dégustation. Les vins jeunes ont des arômes qui en vieillissant forment le bouquet du vin.

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Backbone English pronunciation of wine term

The structure of a wine shaped by its tannins and acidity.

Structure French pronunciation of wine term

La structure d'un vin est définie par ses tanins et son acidité

Balance English pronunciation of wine term

Harmony among the wines components (fruit, acidity, tannins, alcohol).

Equilibre French pronunciation of wine term

Harmonie parmi les éléments du vin (fruit, acidité, tannins, alcool).

Blanc de Blancs English pronunciation of wine term

White wines ("White from White") made of all white grapes. Mostly used in French champagnes which are made from Chardonnay grapes.

Blanc de Blancs French pronunciation of wine term

Expression utilisée pour les vins blancs issus de raisins blancs, et particulièment pour le Champagne issu du seul cépage blanc Chardonnay.

Blanc de Noirs English pronunciation of wine term

White wines made from red grapes ("White from Black"). The wines retain only a very pale rosé color because they are not fermented with the skins of the grape. The skin is what gives red wine its ruby color.

Blanc de Noirs French pronunciation of wine term

Expression utilisée pour les vins blancs issus de cépages noirs, comme le Champagne ou vin effervescent. Le vin garde simplement une couleur rosacée car il ne fermente pas avec la peau du raisin.

Blind tasting English pronunciation of wine term

Tasting and evaluating wine without knowing what it is.

Dégustation à l'aveugle French pronunciation of wine term

Evaluation d'un vin sans savoir ce que c'est.

Body English pronunciation of wine term

The weight and texture of a wine in the mouth, determined by its alcohol and extract.

Chair French pronunciation of wine term

Qualifie la consistance, le gras, la rondeur du vin.

Botrytis cinerea English pronunciation of wine term

Also known as botrytis bunch rot, is a parasitic fungus that effect wine grapes. The fungus gives rise to two kinds of infections on grapes: gray rot, which arises in consistently humid conditions and results in the loss of effected grapes, and the second, known as noble rot, is the result of wet followed by drier conditions, and can yield distinctive sweet dessert wines, such as Sauternes in Bordeaux.

Botrytis cinerea French pronunciation of wine term

Champignon parasite du raisin, qui selon les conditions météorologiques, se développe en pourriture grise, ou en pourriture noble. A l'état de pourriture grise, il représente un désastre pour le raisin, à l'état de pourriture noble, il est source de qualité pour les vins moelleux et liquoreux. Ce champignon est très apprécié dans certaines régions comme le Bordelais pour la fabrication du Sauternes.

Bouquet English pronunciation of wine term

The collection of mature aromas which develops with age in fine wines.

Bouquet French pronunciation of wine term

Ensemble plus ou moins complexe d'arômes développés pendant le vieillissement du vin.

Breathing English pronunciation of wine term

The interaction between air and wine after a bottle is opened. Wines can be decanted to encourage this exchange.

Respiration French pronunciation of wine term

L'interaction entre l'air et le vin une fois la bouteille ouverte. Le vin peut être carafé afin d'encourager cet échange.

Brut English pronunciation of wine term

Sparkling wine containing very little sugar, just enough to temper the high acidity of the wine.

Brut French pronunciation of wine term

Vins effervescents comportant très peu de sucre, juste assez pour tempérer l'acidité du vin.

Buttery English pronunciation of wine term

A smooth texture and lactic flavors often found in Chardonnay wines.

Beurré French pronunciation of wine term

Une sensation grasse en bouche qu'on retrouve souvent sur les vins de cépage Chardonnay.

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Champagne flute English pronunciation of wine term

Wine glass commonly used to serve Champagne, which is a tall narrow bowl with a long stem.

Flûte de Champagne French pronunciation of wine term

Verre à vin dans lequel on sert le Champagne. La flûte dispose d'un bol long et étroit avec un long pied.

Château English pronunciation of wine term

A winery in Bordeaux made from grapes grown in estate vineyards. The term is also used by wineries in other parts of the world.

Château French pronunciation of wine term

Terme souvent utilisé pour désigner une exploitation vinicole, même si elle ne comporte pas de véritable château. En France, tous les vins mis en bouteille à la propriété ont droit a cette mention, sauf les vins de Pays et les vins de table.

Chewy English pronunciation of wine term

Full-bodied, heavily tanned wines.

Mache French pronunciation of wine term

Terme s'appliquant à un vin possédant à la fois épaisseur et volume et qui, par image, donne l'impression qu'il pourrait être mâché.

Clairet English pronunciation of wine term

Red wine that falls between the range of a light red and dark rosé.

Clairet French pronunciation of wine term

Vin de Bordeaux entre un rosé profond et un rouge clair.

Claret English pronunciation of wine term

British term which designates Bordeaux red wines.

Claret French pronunciation of wine term

Ancien nom donné par les anglais au vin de Bordeaux.

Cloudiness English pronunciation of wine term

Cloudiness is the product of sediment particles in a wine, whether it be aged or simply unfiltered.

Trouble du vin French pronunciation of wine term

Le trouble est le produit de particules de sédiment dans un vin, qu'il soit vieilli ou simplement non-filtré.

Corked English pronunciation of wine term

A bad cork or an improperly corked bottle can turn a good wine bad often leaving mouldy flavours and aromas. Wines become corked when bacteria in the cork interact with chemical residues that remain in corks or bottles after they are cleaned. Any wine - regardless of quality or price - can become corked.

Bouchonné French pronunciation of wine term

Vin au goût de bouchon, qui a une odeur et un goût de moisi désagréables dûs à un bouchon de mauvaise qualité.

Côte English pronunciation of wine term

French word for hillside or slopes of a hill region that is contiguous.

Côte French pronunciation of wine term

Région au terrain pentu ininterrompu.

Côteaux English pronunciation of wine term

French word for hillside or slopes of a hill region that is not contiguous.

Côteaux French pronunciation of wine term

Région qui est formée de plusieurs côtes.

Country wine English pronunciation of wine term

A wine with quality level between table wine and AOC wine, originating from a specific region.

Vin de Pays French pronunciation of wine term

Catégorie de vin produit dans une région spécifique, de qualité supérieure au vin de table.

Crémant English pronunciation of wine term

Sparkling wine that is made in the rest of France using the Champagne method.

Crémant French pronunciation of wine term

Vin effervescent produit selon la même méthode que celle employée en Champagne.

Crisp English pronunciation of wine term

Fresh, brisk character, usually associated with the acidity of white wine.

Frais French pronunciation of wine term

Jeune et franc, souvent associé à l'acidité d'un vin blanc.

Cru English pronunciation of wine term

A French term meaning growth that is used in classifying vineyards. Often, but not always, grand cru is a classification awarded to the finest vineyards and to the wines they produce. The term has different meanings in Bordeaux, Burgundy, Champagne, and Alsace.

Cru French pronunciation of wine term

Terme désignant un vin sensé être de qualité supérieure.

Cru Bourgeois English pronunciation of wine term

Classification of the best Bordeaux wine estates in Medoc that were not part of the 1855 Bordeaux classification.

Cru Bourgeois French pronunciation of wine term

Classement officiel bordelais regroupant les meilleurs châteaux du Médoc ne faisant pas partie du classement historique de 1855.

Cru Classé English pronunciation of wine term

A French term for officially classified vineyard or winery.

Cru Classé French pronunciation of wine term

Terme désignant un vignoble ou domaine officiellement reconnu comme étant de qualité supérieure.

Cuvee English pronunciation of wine term

A blend of a variety of grapes or a selected vat (eg cuvee exceptionelle)

Cuvée French pronunciation of wine term

Volume de vin sélectionné pour ses caractères distinctifs.

C.V. English pronunciation of wine term

Abbreviation for "Coopérative de Vignerons". On label, it refers to wines made by local cooperative.

C.V. French pronunciation of wine term

Coopérative de Vignerons.

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Decanting English pronunciation of wine term

Slowly pouring a mature wine from its bottle into a decanter to allow it to breathe and separate the wine from its sediments.

Décanter French pronunciation of wine term

Transvaser une bouteille en carafe afin d'éliminer un éventuel dépôt et d'aérer le vin pour lui permettre d'exprimer ses arômes.

Delicate English pronunciation of wine term

A delightful, lighter bodied wine that is softer on the palate.

Fin French pronunciation of wine term

Vin au bouquet et à la structure délicats.

Dessert wine English pronunciation of wine term

Sweet wine that is consumed at the end of a meal.

Vin de dessert French pronunciation of wine term

Vin doux consommé à la fin d'un repas.

Demi-sec English pronunciation of wine term

Moderately sweet champagne or sparkling wine.

Demi-sec French pronunciation of wine term

Champagne ou vin pétillant au goût légèrement sucré.

Depth English pronunciation of wine term

Describes the array of flavors, fullness and body of the wine. More commonly referred to as the complexity of the wine.

Complexité French pronunciation of wine term

Se dit d'un vin dont la palette aromatique est très variée.

Domaine or Estate-grown English pronunciation of wine term

French term for "estate", a domaine refers to a wine producer.

Domaine French pronunciation of wine term

Producteur de vin en AOC ou Vin de Pays.

Dry English pronunciation of wine term

Opposite of sweet. No obvious sugar or sweetness in the wine.

Sec French pronunciation of wine term

Vin qui ne présente aucun goût sucré.

Dull English pronunciation of wine term

Lacking flavor.

Plat French pronunciation of wine term

Terme de dégustation pour décrire un vin présentant peu d'arômes ou de saveur.

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Earthy English pronunciation of wine term

Aromas in a wine which usually develop with bottle age, they are reminiscent of truffles or wet leaves.

Terreux French pronunciation of wine term

Arômes du vin qui se développent souvent avec le vieillissement en bouteille, ils évoquent la truffe ou les feuilles mortes.

Eau-de-Vie English pronunciation of wine term

French term for spirits (alcoholic beverages produced from distillation).

Eau-de-Vie French pronunciation of wine term

Boisson alcoolique produit de la distillation.

Elegant English pronunciation of wine term

Wine presenting a balanced style without being agressive or overly powerful.

Elégant French pronunciation of wine term

Vin de bonne qualité, agréable à boire et ne présentant pas d'agressivité ou de puissance démesurée.

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Finish English pronunciation of wine term

Aftertaste or final impression a wine gives as it leaves your mouth. The lingering flavor left on your palate. The longer the finish the more sophisticated the wine.

Finale French pronunciation of wine term

Terme de dégustation utilisé lorsque le vin avalé ou recraché offre encore de nombreuses sensations buccales.

Fortified Wine English pronunciation of wine term

Wine whose alcoholic content has been strengthened by addition of grape spirits, thus halting the fermentation and retaining some residual sugar. Port wine is one example of fortified wine.

Vin fortifié French pronunciation of wine term

Vin enrichi en alcool, qui a pour effet de stopper la fermentation et de garder du sucre résiduel. Le Porto est un exemple de vin fortifié.

Fresh English pronunciation of wine term

A crisp, fruity wine which is usually consumed young.

Frais French pronunciation of wine term

Jeune et franc.

Full-bodied English pronunciation of wine term

Wines with higher viscosity, which is linked to the higher alcohol content (usually 14-17 percent alcohol). Full-bodied wines create a feeling of powerful weight in the mouth.

Etoffé French pronunciation of wine term

Vin corsé, très alcoolisé.

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Grand Cru English pronunciation of wine term

French term for a "Great growth" in vineyard. In Burgundy, Champagne or Alsace, this designates the top vineyards, whereas in Bordeaux, Grand Cru status is afforded to top chateaux according to a classification established in 1855.

Grand Cru French pronunciation of wine term

Le terme de Grand Cru désigne les meilleurs vignobles en Bourgogne, Champagne ou Alsace, alors qu'à Bordeaux, le status de Grand Cru est réservé aux grands châteaux selon une classification datant de 1855.

Green English pronunciation of wine term

Describe a young wine that hasn't developed enough maturity to balance out its acidity.

Vert French pronunciation of wine term

Jeune et acidulé, peut indiquer un défaut ou simplement qualifier un vin jeune.

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Heady English pronunciation of wine term

Strong aromatic wine with a high alcohol content

Capiteux French pronunciation of wine term

Vin chargé en alcool.

Hearty English pronunciation of wine term

A robust red wine full of flavor.

Corpulent French pronunciation of wine term

Vin robuste avec une bonne structure.

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Label English pronunciation of wine term

Credentials of a wine.

Etiquette French pronunciation of wine term

Affiche les informations relatives au vin.

Late Harvest English pronunciation of wine term

Grapes that are left to ripen on the vine and harvested later than the regular crop to produce a sweeter style wine such as dessert wines.

Vendanges Tardives French pronunciation of wine term

Mention désignant certains vins issus de grappes qui ont été laissés sur pied afin d'atteindre une surmaturation, et produisants des vins doux.

Lean English pronunciation of wine term

A wine lacking concentration and depth.

Maigre French pronunciation of wine term

Un vin manquant de concentration et de chair.

Legs English pronunciation of wine term

Oily traces running down the side of the glass after agitation, the legs give an indication on the viscosity of a wine, which is proportional to its levels of alcohol, sugar, and glycerol.

Larmes ou Pattes French pronunciation of wine term

Traces retombant le long de la paroi du verre après agitation, les larmes indiquent la viscosité du vin, qui est proportionelle au taux d'alcool, du sucre et de glycérol.

Light-bodied English pronunciation of wine term

Wines which offer less volume and weight on the palate, and which tend to be lower in alcohol.

Léger French pronunciation of wine term

Vin qui présente moins de volume et de gras en bouche, et qui a souvent un taux d'alcool plus bas.
Traces retombant le long de la paroi du verre après agitation, les larmes indiquent la viscosité du vin, qui est proportionelle au taux d'alcool, du sucre et de glycérol.

Liquoreux English pronunciation of wine term

Meaning liqueur like, term used to describe luxurious dessert wine.

Liquoreux French pronunciation of wine term

Vins de dessert, riches et moelleux tel que le Sauternes.

Long English pronunciation of wine term

A wine with a lingering flavor.

Long French pronunciation of wine term

Persistant en bouche.

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Magnum English pronunciation of wine term

A bottle with 1.5 liters capacity, the equivalent of two regular wine bottles.

Magnum French pronunciation of wine term

Contenant d'un format de 1.5 litres, soit deux bouteilles de 0.75 litres.

Mature English pronunciation of wine term

Wine that has fully developed and is ready to drink after sufficient bottle aging.

A maturité French pronunciation of wine term

Vin évolué qui est prêt à consommer à la suite d'un vieillissement en bouteille suffisant.

Methuselah English pronunciation of wine term

A bottle with six liters capacity, the equivalent of eight regular wine bottles.

Mathusalem French pronunciation of wine term

Flacon pouvant contenir huit bouteilles de 75 Cl, soit six litres. Ce terme est employé principalement pour les vins de Bordeaux.

Mis en bouteille au chateau English pronunciation of wine term

Estate bottled wine.

Mis en bouteille au château French pronunciation of wine term

Vin embouteillé directement chez le producteur.

Moelleux English pronunciation of wine term

Markedly sweet wine.

Moelleux French pronunciation of wine term

Vin d'une douceur prononcée.

Monopole English pronunciation of wine term

Vineyard under single ownership.

Monopole French pronunciation of wine term

Vignoble d'un seul tenant.

Mousse English pronunciation of wine term

The effervescence of a sparkling wine whose quality is determined by the finesse and persistence of the string of bubbles.

Mousse French pronunciation of wine term

Effervescence d'un vin mousseux dont la qualité est déterminée par la persistence et la finesse des bulles.

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Negociant English pronunciation of wine term

Wine merchant who bottles and sells purchased wines, or wines produced from purchased grapes.

Négociant French pronunciation of wine term

Société qui embouteille et revend des vins achetés, ou produits à partir de raisins achetés.

Non-Vintage Wine English pronunciation of wine term

Wines blended from several vintages to create a consistant style and quality. Common practice in Champagne.

Vin non-millésimé French pronunciation of wine term

Vins issus de l'assemblage de plusieurs millésimes afin de créer un style et une qualité homogènes. Pratique courante en Champagne.

Nose English pronunciation of wine term

Refers to the aromas or bouquet of a wine.

Nez French pronunciation of wine term

Désigne les arômes ou bouquet d'un vin.

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Oaky English pronunciation of wine term

There are a variety of "oaky" aromas derived from the aging process of the wine in wood casks such as vanilla, chocolate or coffee.

Boisé French pronunciation of wine term

Il existe dans les vins élevés en fûts de chêne, des arômes typiques tels que la vanille, le chocolat, ou le café.

Oenology (Enology) English pronunciation of wine term

The study of wine and winemaking

Oenologie French pronunciation of wine term

Science du vin : de la vigne à la vinification. Un expert en oenologie est un oenologue.

Oenophile English pronunciation of wine term

One who loves, appreciates and studies wine

Oenophile French pronunciation of wine term

Personne qui aime, apprécie et étudie le vin.

Off-dry English pronunciation of wine term

A wine that is slightly sweeter than a dry wine.

Demi-sec French pronunciation of wine term

Vin sec légèrement sucré.

Oxidized English pronunciation of wine term

Chemical reaction affecting wines in contact with air. When specifically vinified in this method, wines such as Jura's vin jaune develop characteristic nutty aromas and a strong resistance. Bottled wines that has been exposed to too much air however, develop unpleasant bruised apple aromas for whites, or port-type aromas in reds, and are considered defective.

Oxydation French pronunciation of wine term

Réaction chimique du vin au contact de l'air. Lorsqu'un vin est spécifiquement vinifié dans cette méthode, tels les vins jaunes du Jura, il développe des arômes de noix caractéristiques et une certaine résistance. Lorsqu'une bouteille est exposée à trop d'air toutefois, le vin s'abîme et développe des arômes désagréables de pomme mûre pour les blancs, ou de type Porto pour les rouges, et elle est considérée défectueuse.

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Perfumed English pronunciation of wine term

Characteristic of floral, aromatic wines.

Parfumé French pronunciation of wine term

Caractérise les vins floraux et aromatiques.

Petit Château English pronunciation of wine term

The term is used for Bordeaux wine estates which have no official designation of classification.

Petit Château French pronunciation of wine term

Désigne un vin de Bordeaux ne bénéficiant pas d'une désignation de classement officiel.

Powerful English pronunciation of wine term

A big wine with high levels of extract and/or alcohol.

Puissant French pronunciation of wine term

Vin à la fois plein, corsé, généreux et d'un riche bouquet.

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Reserve wine English pronunciation of wine term

An unregulated term often used to indicate a wine of higher quality within a producer's range.

Vin de réserve French pronunciation of wine term

Terme non-régulé désignant souvent une cuvée de qualité supérieure au sein d'une gamme.

Rich English pronunciation of wine term

A full-bodied, deep and complex wine.

Riche French pronunciation of wine term

Vin corsé

Robe English pronunciation of wine term

The appearance of a wine.

Robe French pronunciation of wine term

Couleur du vin.

Robust English pronunciation of wine term

Full-bodied, full-flavored, and high in alcohol.

Etoffé French pronunciation of wine term

Vin corsé, très alcoolisé.

Round English pronunciation of wine term

A smooth more balanced wine that has the feeling of rolling on your tongue.

Rond French pronunciation of wine term

Souple et gras en bouche.

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Sediment English pronunciation of wine term

The small particles in wine from the grape skins, seeds, and other grape particles. Sediment often settles at the bottom of the bottle overtime, and should be left behind when pouring or decanting as it tastes bitter.

Depot French pronunciation of wine term

Accumulation de particules solides qui se déposent dans le vin. Il n'altère pas les qualités du vin.

Soft English pronunciation of wine term

A wine that is soft to the taste with a contained acidity and gentle tannins.

Souple French pronunciation of wine term

Qualifie un vin bien équilibré sans trop de corps.

Sommelier English pronunciation of wine term

A restaurant employee who purchases wine for the restaurant and assists customers wishing to order wine.

Sommelier French pronunciation of wine term

Employé dans un restaurant responsable du choix et des achats des vins. Il conseille la clientèle et assure le service du vin.

Spicy English pronunciation of wine term

Wine which exhibits spicy aromas such as black pepper or tobacco, which can originate from barrel aging as well as a grape variety's specific profile (such as Syrah).

Epicé French pronunciation of wine term

Vin dont les arômes évoquent le poivre ou le tabac, pouvant provenir d'un élevage en fût aussi bien que le profil spécifique d'un cépage (tel que la Syrah).

Structure English pronunciation of wine term

The framework of a wine, made up of its acid, alcohol, and tannin content. A good structure allows a wine to age longer in bottle.

Structure French pronunciation of wine term

Terme de dégustation indiquant le toucher en bouche et le degré de tannicité d'un vin. Une belle structure permet à un vin d'évoluer plus longtemps en bouteille.

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Table wine English pronunciation of wine term

A good every day drinking wine. In France, it refers to a quality level of the wine.

Vin de table French pronunciation of wine term

Un bon vin à boire tous les jours.

Tannin English pronunciation of wine term

Found in grape skins, seeds and stalks. Tannins are harsh, bitter compounds which, if present in large amounts make a wine difficult to drink as they leave a dry, puckered sensation in the mouth. In the mouth, it gives that drying, cotton-like feeling. Tannins mellow with aging and is a major component in the structure of red wines.

Tanin French pronunciation of wine term

Substance se trouvant dans la rafle, la peau et les pépins de raisin, ainsi que dans le vin auquel elle apporte de la structure et dont elle assure la conservation. En trop fortes quantités, les tanins peuvent être aggressifs et assèchent la bouche. Toutefois, ces tanins s'assouplissent avec le temps.

Terroir English pronunciation of wine term

A French term referring to the unique combination of soil, climate, elevation and topography that gives wine its character

Terroir French pronunciation of wine term

Ensemble de facteurs caractérisant un vignoble (sol, sous-sol, climat, exposition) procurant au vin une certaine typicité.

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Varietal Wine English pronunciation of wine term

Wine produced from and displaying the specific characteristics of a single grape variety, such as Chardonnay, Cabernet, Merlot, Riesling or Pinot Noir.

Vin de Cépage French pronunciation of wine term

Un vin élaboré à partir d'un seul cépage, tel que le Chardonnay, Cabernet, Merlot, Riesling ou Pinot Noir, et exhibant ses caractéristiques particulières.

VDQS English pronunciation of wine term

Changed to AOVDQS, abbreviation for "Appellation d'Origine Vin Délimite de Qualité Supérieure" system that ranks below AOC but above "Vin de pays".

VDQS French pronunciation of wine term

Devenu AOVDQS, Appellation d'Origine Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure. Appellation des vins français qui sont au niveau au-dessous des vins d'AOC.

Vin Nouveau English pronunciation of wine term

First wines of the vintage, meant for immediate drinking, such as Beaujolais Nouveau, which may be released within weeks of the harvest.

Vin Nouveau French pronunciation of wine term

Vin de la dernière récolte, conçu pour être bu rapidement. Il ne faut pas le laisser vieillir.Le Beaujolais Nouveau est traditionnellement "débloqué" le troisième jeudi du mois de novembre.

Vinification English pronunciation of wine term

The process of winemaking from harvest to bottling.

Vinification French pronunciation of wine term

Méthode réunissant l'ensemble des techniques d'élaboration du vin, de la récolte à la mise en bouteille.

Viticulture English pronunciation of wine term

Science and cultivation of grapes, specifically for wine making.

Viticulture French pronunciation of wine term

Culture de la vigne.

Vintage English pronunciation of wine term

The year that the grapes were harvested in to produce the wine, usually indicated on the label. The vintage is important in cooler climates, where the weather varies significantly from year to year.

Millésime French pronunciation of wine term

Correspond à l'année de récolte des raisins qui ont servis à faire le vin.

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Woody English pronunciation of wine term

An excessive oak flavor and aromas, common to wines aged too long in new casks or barrels.

Boisé French pronunciation of wine term

Le vin est boisé lorsqu'il a été élevé en barriques.

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